Certain months of the year are dedicated to raising awareness of the most common and common diseases, as October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month; Which is the most common type of cancer in women, November is the month of awareness of the most common cancer in men, which is prostate cancer.
What is the prostate?
The prostate is part of the male reproductive system, and it is a small gland located under the bladder. Its function is to produce semen.
Why should prostate cancer awareness be raised?
Most types of prostate cancer grow slowly, and some do not spread quickly, but there are also aggressive ones. At all levels, the importance of early detection lies in detecting prostate cancer in its infancy, because its symptoms do not appear easily due to its slow growth; Thus, early detection avoids reaching later stages of the disease.
As we mentioned, it is not common for symptoms to appear in the early stages, but symptoms that may appear in other stages:
Burning sensation in the urethra.
Presence of blood in the urine.
The appearance of blood in the semen.
Unintentional weight loss.
Causes of prostate cancer
Like most types of cancer, we do not always know the main cause behind its occurrence. However, cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in a proliferating and random manner due to a change in the DNA inside them; This results in the occurrence of all kinds of cancers.
For every disease, there are some factors that increase the risk and incidence, and in the case of prostate cancer, these factors are:
The risk of developing prostate cancer increases with age, and is more common after the age of 50.
It is possible that being overweight is one of the factors that increase the incidence of development, as well as its severity and aggression.
Family medical history:
Having a first-degree relative with prostate cancer may increase a person’s risk of developing it, too. Those with a family history of breast cancer may also have an increased risk of prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer is more common and aggressive in people with dark skin. For reasons not yet discovered.
Can the risk of prostate cancer be reduced? The answer is: Yes, by following some instructions, including:
Follow a healthy diet, rich in fruits and vegetables, as they contain vitamins and antioxidants.
Avoid foods that increase weight and also avoid obesity, which is one of the risk factors.
Regular exercise to improve the overall health of the body and to maintain a healthy weight.
Regular examination of the prostate and not neglecting to visit the doctor in the event of any strange symptoms, especially in the case of a proven family history of prostate cancer.
The importance of early detection is to limit the spread of malignant cancer cells to the rest of the body. Early detection means exposure to less aggressive treatment; Thus avoiding many side effects and their severity. Early detection ensures more effective treatment if cancer is proven, and thus guarantees higher rates of cure.
In order to discover any disease, we need tests to show us, and in the case of prostate cancer, one of the most important screening tests will be the PSA test.
The PSA test is short for prostate-specific antigen or the prostate-specific antigen test.
How the PSA test works is to detect a protein substance produced by cancerous prostate cells, whether malignant or benign, but this substance abounds in the presence of malignant cancer cells. And this substance is detected in the blood.
The importance of the PSA test
Early detection of prostate cancer.
Increased cure rates, due to early detection.
Decreased number of deaths from prostate cancer due to early detection.
Who should have a PSA test?
According to the American Cancer Society, men who:
From the age of 50 years with average risks.
From the age of 45 years, especially people with dark skin and one of their first-degree relatives diagnosed with prostate cancer.
From the age of 40, if more than one first-degree relative has been diagnosed with prostate cancer previously.
If the test result is less than 2.5 ng/ml, it is recommended to repeat the test every two years.
The periodic test should be annually if the result of the examination is 2.5 ng/ml or more.
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Focusing on the importance of early screening for prostate cancer is one of its causes, as we mentioned, avoiding complications, including:
The spread of this type of cancer to other organs such as the bladder, or the lymphatic system through its transfer to the bloodstream and in time it may cause bone pain and fractures. Incontinence and erectile dysfunction are also potential complications of prostate cancer.
Treating the disease in its late cases may take a lifetime and years, but early detection of it will not take more than a few moments, and that’s why #Watch_Your_Health.. Book and rest assured with Doctor Online.